11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (2023)

How many edible plants are growing in your yard right now? It’s almost certainly more than you think. While writing this story, I counted at least six consumable species that have flourished in my Central Austin backyard—and that’s excluding all the typical herbs and vegetables we grow in our garden. My list included yaupon holly, marigold, dandelion, winecup, mulberry, and chickweed, most of which I had no idea I could eat.

Like most Texas Monthly readers, I’ll probably never be a forager—my anxiety level is too high for that, especially after watching a spine-chilling episode of Midsomer Murders in which the victim dies by amanita mushroom, better known as the destroying angel. (Fun fact: this deadliest genus of mushrooms, which can be fatal, flourishes in East and Central Texas.) Luckily, there’s a plethora of unconventional fruits, greens, herbs, and other foods you can plant in your garden, sample at a local farm, or (carefully) find thriving right outside your door. For advice, I turned to Mark Vorderbruggen, a lifelong forager based in Houston and founder of the website Foraging Texas, as well as Scooter Cheatham and Lynn Marshall, who run the Useful Wild Plants project in Austin. All three offer hands-on foraging classes (which Cheatham, delightfully, likes to call a “speedy weed feed”), and these are the best way to get started.

The experts stress the importance of safety above all else. “People often get what we call ‘chlorophyll fever,’ ” Marshall says, referring to enthusiastic novice foragers. “They start thinking that everything they see is Mother Nature’s bounty. Well, it isn’t.” Never rely on a book, website, or identification app such as iNaturalist to decide if a plant is safe to eat. Instead, join a class, go out with an experienced forager, and learn how to confirm multiple identifying features on each plant. “For mushrooms, you need to match up at least eight to ten structural features,” such as color, size, shape, and where it’s growing, Vorderbruggen says. “With plants, you can get away with five or six”—but more is always better, and again, if you’re a beginner, you should partner with someone who knows what they’re doing and is absolutely certain that a specific plant is safe to eat.

With those words of warning in mind, on to a list of edible Texas plants.

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (1)

Chicken of the woods

Range: Central and North Texas
How to eat it: Sautéed with rice, pasta, and/or veggies

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Okay, so it’s a fungus, not a plant. But the chicken of the woods mushroom is the gateway drug that introduced me to the world of wild, foraged, and unconventional foods. A friend dropped off some she’d gathered earlier that day in the woods near Lady Bird Lake, and I sautéed them with a little butter and garlic. The fresh, rich, umami flavor blew me away; I’d even venture to say it’s better than chicken, which can often be bland on its own.

Foraging for mushrooms requires ample caution. Since some species are deadly, you want to be absolutely certain of what you’re eating. That said, chicken of the woods is a good choice for beginners because it’s unmistakable. “It looks like a bunch of raw chicken breasts, stuck to a tree and coated with that orange Doritos cheese stuff,” Vorderbruggen says. Before biting into one, though, make sure to identify those aforementioned eight to ten structural features specific to the species, such as what surface it’s growing on (chicken of the woods prefers rotting trees) and the shape of the stem. You can also make a spore print, which is akin to taking a mushroom’s fingerprint.

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (2)

Chickweed

Range: Statewide
How to eat it: Blend into a pesto or add to smoothies

This humble green weed, which is found in abundance across Texas and the continental U.S., often grows up against the sides of houses. The plant usually pops up in late winter and early spring, though you can pick it year-round. With a texture similar to spinach, it’s a good addition to a sandwich or a salad; Vorderbruggen suggests adding it to a smoothie. “Chickweed has a creamifying effect that makes a vegan smoothie a little more decadent, more like a milkshake,” he says. “It’s good on its own, too, but I highly recommend it in that role.” The folks at Central Texas Gardener recommend using it in a pesto recipe.

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (3)

Chile pequin

Range: Central and South Texas
How to eat it: In a salsa or jelly

Also known as bird pepper, chile pequin is ubiquitous across much of the state. You might even have one in your yard and not know it. “A lot of people cut them down because they don’t realize what they are,” Marshall says. Texas’s official (and only) state native pepper thrives in both sun and shade; in late summer or early fall, its round, green berries turn red and are ready to pick. Most of the hot peppers sold in grocery stores are descended from the chile pequin, Marshall and Cheatham note, including jalapeño and serrano. This little red chile, whose spiciness Texas Monthly’s Pat Sharpe once described as “incendiary,” is stellar in homemade salsa or jelly. Try our recipe for the latter, which cuts the heat with grapefruit.

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11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (4)

Dewberry

Range: Central, East, and North Texas
How to eat it: Fresh off the vine, baked in a pie, or cooked in a jam

If you’re skeptical about eating strange and unusual wild plants, this one might be a comfortable place to start. The wild dewberry tastes and looks exactly like a blackberry, because it is one. “Genetically, it’s almost identical,” Vorderbruggen says. “Think of them as two different breeds of dogs.” Find the low-slung shrub growing along roads and highways, as well as in fields and thickets. You’ll want to wear gloves while picking these to avoid getting scratched by the thorns. Dewberry season is early and fleeting, lasting from late spring through early summer.

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (5)

Horehound

Range: Central and West Texas
How to eat it: Brewed in a tea, or boiled down into a candy

A member of the mint family with medicinal properties, horehound is a great natural remedy for a sore throat or cough; cultures around the world have been using it for this purpose for thousands of years. You can brew the leaves into a tea or make a candy similar to a cough drop. Vorderbruggen describes the strong herbal flavor as a pleasant combination of root beer and licorice. His website has recipes for both horehound tea and horehound candy.

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (6)

Jujube

Range: Statewide, especially Houston
How to eat it: On its own, fresh or dried

Jujube trees are originally from China; the U.S. Department of Agriculture introduced them to America in the early twentieth century. These hardy trees grow well in harsh, dry environments, so USDA officials thought they’d be a good option in California, Texas, and across the arid Southwest. Though it never became as popular as they’d hoped, the low-maintenance plant produces a sweet fruit that draws comparisons to apples, plums, and pears. “It does really well in the Houston area,” Vorderbruggen says, noting that a jujube harvest is usually a big one. “They are very prolific, producing pounds and pounds of fruit.” Unlike the sensitive pawpaw (see below), the fruit is sturdy and easy to transport or preserve. Dried jujubes taste a lot like dates. Can’t find one or don’t want to search on your own? Your local Asian grocer likely has them.

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11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (7)

Loquat

Range: Statewide, especially South Texas
How to eat it: Fresh, in preserves, or as a liqueur

Another Asian import, cold-hardy loquats grow easily across much of the state. I always look forward to spotting the bright, sunflower-yellow fruits ripening all over my Austin neighborhood in late spring and early summer. While they’re lovely as an ornamental fruit, loquats also have a delicious flavor evoking that of apricots. When I received some in a produce box a few years back, I didn’t know what to do with them, and eventually settled on loquat margaritas, which were a hit. Peeling and preparing the fruit takes a little time but is well worth the effort. Joe Urbach of the San Marcos Daily Record suggests making loquat chutney or syrup, which brings a hit of sweetness to lemonade, iced tea, or the aforementioned margaritas. Vorderbruggen, meanwhile, has a recipe for loquat liqueur, which has an amaretto flavor.

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (8)

Mayhaw

Range: East Texas
How to eat it: Cooked in a jam or jelly

Families in East Texas pass down time-honored jam recipes for this slightly tart red berry, which looks a lot like a cranberry and comes from a tree that’s part of the hawthorn family. At the Jellytree Mayhaw Farm in Huntington, Texas Highways’ Susan L. Ebert writes, you can take home not just an excellent mayhaw jelly, but also preserves with other local wild fruits, such as muscadine, beautyberry, and redbud blossom. Often found along the Trinity River and in other low-lying swampy areas, especially in the Big Thicket region, the tree is increasingly at risk from deforestation and disease. Vorderbruggen points out that the fruit naturally contains a high level of pectin, so you may not even need to add extra when making your own jam (though the folks at Jellytree swear by it).

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (9)

Pawpaw

Range: East Texas and Houston area
How to eat it: Straight off the tree

This elusive, ephemeral fruit has a tropical flavor that’s often compared to banana custard, mango, or pineapple. If you’re lucky enough to find one, give it a gentle squeeze to make sure it’s soft, and look for a light green or slightly yellow hue. Then, don’t hesitate. “The moment you pick the fruit, it starts to spoil,” Vorderbruggen says, “so you have a very short window of opportunity to enjoy it.” Wash and eat immediately after picking, scooping the fruit out with a spoon.

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Because it spoils so quickly, pawpaw is rarely found in processed foods. A recent surge in popularity among young foragers has earned it the nickname “hipster banana,” but the fruit is nothing new—according to lore, it was one of George Washington’s favorite desserts. In fact, this ancient tree evolved before bees, so it’s pollinated by flies. The flowers attract them by emitting an atrocious odor similar to that of rotten meat. But flies aren’t as efficient as bees, so if you want to grow a pawpaw tree, you’ll have to help its unusual pollination process along. “Some gardeners have been successful by hanging strips of raw meat in the branches,” Vorderbruggen says. Thankfully, there’s a milder option: simply pollinate by hand with a small paintbrush, following these tips from the Dallas Morning News.

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (10)

Winecup

Range: Statewide
How to eat it: In a salad (flowers) or as a crunchy snack (tubers)

Also called purple poppy mallow, this cheerful magenta flower is popular with gardeners because it’s easy to grow; the trailing vine spreads quickly, making it an excellent ground-cover plant. I’ve had it in my front yard for years, but never knew it was edible. Vorderbruggen suggests you stick to cultivating rather than foraging this plant, because harvesting it in the wild can be tricky. “They’re almost impossible to transplant,” he says. “So if you dig one up and damage the little fine roots coming off the tuber, it’s going to die.” Better to buy the seeds from Junction-based Native American Seed and grow your own.

Scatter the flowers in a salad or as a stylish decoration on a frosted cake. If you’re feeling more adventurous, slice the radishlike tubers thinly, then roast or fry them. “They taste just like sweet potatoes,” Vorderbruggen says. The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center has a recipe for wild onion and winecup tuber stew.

11 Texas Plants You Didn’t Know You Could Eat (11)

Yaupon holly

Range: East and Central Texas
How to eat it: Brewed in a tea

The only caffeinated plant native to North America, yaupon can be made into a beverage similar to green or black tea; Indigenous Texans have been drinking it for more than a thousand years. During World War II, when coffee and tea were in short supply, the federal government promoted it as a substitute, but the drink never really caught on. Now, a new generation of Texas tea makers is bringing it back. Buy yaupon tea premade from one of at least four brands—CatSpring Yaupon, Local Leaf, Lost Pines Yaupon, or YAYAYA Yaupon—or make your own. Yaupon holly grows in abundance anywhere sandy soil is found, especially in Central and East Texas. Simply cut a branch and remove enough leaves to spread on a cookie sheet, then bake at 350 degrees F for about twenty minutes. Crumble the leaves, put a few spoonfuls in a tea infuser, and add hot water.

Unlike tea, yaupon can’t be oversteeped. “The leaves have about fifty percent of the caffeine found in regular tea, but none of the tannins that make it bitter,” Vorderbruggen says, noting that the brew is also rich in antioxidants. “In the morning, I’ll put a handful of dried leaves in my mug and then just sip all day long.”

FAQs

What plant can you chew on? ›

Amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus and other species)

Native to the Americas but found on most continents, amaranth is an edible weed. You can eat all parts of the plant, but be on the look out for spines that appear on some of the leaves.

What is the most poisonous plant in Texas? ›

POISON HEMLOCK

It can be found in the southern part of the state and can be deadly if ingested by people or animals (just ask Socrates), so it's best to eliminate this dangerous pest plant if you find it growing on your property.

What plants are illegal in Texas? ›

  • Ailanthus altissima. Albizia julibrissin. Broussonetia papyrifera. ...
  • Ligustrum quihoui. Ligustrum sinense. Nandina domestica. ...
  • Lonicera japonica. Macfadyena unguis-cati. Pueraria Montana var. ...
  • Centaurea melitensis. Colocasia esculenta. Cyrtomium falcatum. ...
  • Arundo donax. Bothriochloa ischaemum. ...
  • Eichhornia crassipes. Hydrilla verticillata.

What is a unique food from Texas? ›

20 Texas Foods The Lone Star State Is Famous For
  • 01 of 21. Chicken Fried Steak. SunnyDaysNora. ...
  • 02 of 21. Pecan Pie. Allrecipes Magazine. ...
  • 03 of 21. Brisket. Allrecipes Magazine. ...
  • 04 of 21. Chili. red7206. ...
  • 05 of 21. Chile con Queso. Soup Loving Nicole. ...
  • 06 of 21. Kolaches. Jack Tripper. ...
  • 07 of 21. Tex-Mex. fabeveryday. ...
  • 08 of 21. Migas. bd.weld.
7 Dec 2021

Can you forage on public land in Texas? ›

Public places to forage legally are somewhat limited in Texas. You are NOT allowed to pick plants or mushrooms from city parks, state parks, national parks, city nature trails, nature preserves, state historic sites, or any other "public" property.

What are the top 7 crops of Texas? ›

Texas also ranks first in the number of cattle operations and the value of all cattle and calves. Texas is the top producer of cotton, hay, sheep, goats, mohair and horses. Some of the state's top crops also vegetables, citrus, corn, wheat, peanuts, pecans, sorghum and rice.

What is the rarest tree in Texas? ›

The lone Quercus Tardifilia was discovered May 25 at the Big Bend National Park, according to a news release from The Morton Arboretum. First discovered in the 1930s, the last living specimen was believed to have perished in 2011.

What stuff is only in Texas? ›

Texas has culture, traditions, and sayings that are uniquely its own. Chains like Whataburger, Buc-ee's, and H-E-B are Texan businesses. Attractions like Schlitterbahn only exist in the Lone Star State.

What is only available in Texas? ›

12 Things only Texans Can Brag About
  • 1.Whataburger. Photo: Whataburger. ...
  • Dr Pepper. Photo: Wallpaper Abyss. ...
  • BBQ. Photo: Gatlin's BBQ. ...
  • Texas State Fair. Photo: Culture Map Dallas. ...
  • Luckenbach. Photo: stillisstillmoving.com. ...
  • Rodeos. Photo: Mosaic Traveler. ...
  • Billy Bob's. Great music, great dancing, great BBQ, and indoor rodeos. ...
  • NASA.
11 Feb 2016

What plant is chewed as a painkiller? ›

Poppies have been a source of pain relief for centuries. The Egyptians chewed poppy seeds to reduce pain, and the seeds of Papaver somniferum before the poppy is ripe do contain pain relieving alkaloids. The sap can be turned into opium, or combined with alcohol to make laudanum, or turned into morphine, or codeine.

What are 10 plants we eat? ›

PlantConsumable parts of the Plant
Spinach, cabbage, lettuce, etc.Leaves
Cauliflower, Broccoli, sunflower etc.Flower
Apple, orange, banana, etc.Fruits
Rice, maize, wheat, etcSeeds
2 more rows

What plant helps teeth? ›

Leafy greens like kale are high in fiber and low in calories. Kale's fiber content helps scrub away food debris and plaque while you eat them. Kale also contains calcium and B vitamins. Calcium strengthens your teeth and B vitamins help to prevent gingivitis.

Is Texas nightshade edible? ›

Medicine. Silverleaf nightshade is classified as a toxic or poisonous plant; poisonous both to cattle and humans. However, some birds feed on the fruits.

What is the most lethal plant? ›

They said "To the best of our knowledge, no plant in the world is responsible for as many deaths by suicide as the odollam tree." A related species is Cerbera tanghin, the seeds of which are known as tanghin poison nut and have been used as an 'ordeal poison'. Also known as greater celandine.

Is Texas sage poisonous to humans? ›

Texas sage doesn't have any toxic qualities. It's safe for animals to eat, including housepets. You'll also often see deer, horses, and other wild animals eating it.

Is picking sunflowers illegal in Texas? ›

As to legality, here is a link to the Texas Department of Public Safety that says picking the flowers in the public right of way is legal, but cautions against removing plants. Picking plants on private property will subject you to laws against criminal tresspass.

Is it illegal to cut bamboo in Texas? ›

Select communities have listed certain varieties of bamboo as invasive, and other places have taken steps to control the unruly spread of this fast-growing grass. But no, bamboo is not illegal.

Is picking cactus illegal in Texas? ›

In Texas. According to state law, individuals collecting cacti on private property in Texas must have prior written authorization from the landowner. Remember, taking anything from pri- vate property without permission, in the least, is considered vandalism and, at the most, stealing!

What snack is Texas known for? ›

In Texas, the most popular snack food is chips and salsa.

What is the snack of the state of Texas? ›

Tortilla Chips and Salsa was adopted as the Texas state snack on June 22, 2003. Students at Marcell Elementary School in Mission contacted State Representative, Kino Flores, about designating a state snack.

What foods did Texas invent? ›

9 Foods You Can Thank Texas For
  • Blue Bell Ice Cream. Blue Bell Creameries was founded in Brenham, Texas in 1907. ...
  • Frozen Margaritas. PIN IT. ...
  • Whataburger. The first Whataburger opened in Corpus Christi, Texas in 1950. ...
  • Queso. ...
  • Dr Pepper. ...
  • Frito Pie. ...
  • Sweet Tea. ...
  • Chili Con Carne.
25 Oct 2017

What hunting is illegal in Texas? ›

Hair, hide, antlers, bones, horns, skull, hooves, or sinew from the following game animals: mule deer, white-tailed deer, pronghorn, desert bighorn sheep, gray squirrels, fox squirrels, and javelina.

How many acres do you need to legally hunt in Texas? ›

How many acres do you need for hunting in Texas? Most of Texas counties require a minimum of 10 acres to legally hunt or discharge a firearm. There is no statewide mandate but the state has given counties and local jurisdictions the right to establish and enforce 10 acre minimums in the interest of public safety.

Can you forage for money? ›

Because people all over the world are making serious cash foraging wild delicacies. Sometimes, even as much as $300 an hour, if they're harvesting an especially prized plant in an area rife with them. Stinging nettles is one example of a plant that's plentiful in the woods.

What was the #1 cash crop Texas? ›

Cotton. Cotton has been a major crop in Texas for more than a century. Since 1880, Texas has led all states in cotton production in most years, and today the annual Texas cotton harvest amounts to around 37.5 percent of total production in the United States.

What are the 5 cash crops in Texas? ›

Texas leads all other states in number of farms and ranches. While the primary crops of Texas are cotton, corn, feed grains (sorghum, milo, etc.), rice and wheat, there is an abundance of other crops, too.

What is the most beautiful tree in Texas? ›

17 Gorgeous Flowering Trees in Texas
  1. Texas Mountain Laurel. The Texas Mountain Laurel has lush, dark green, lustrous leaves and a small, slowly-growing, multi-trunked body. ...
  2. Texas Smoke Tree. ...
  3. Crape Myrtle. ...
  4. Texas Redbud. ...
  5. Magnolia. ...
  6. Retama. ...
  7. Flowering Dogwood. ...
  8. Huisache.
11 Nov 2022

What is the purple tree in Texas? ›

The Vitex aka Chaste Tree is a crowd favorite for North Texas, and it has one of the longest blooming seasons for flowering trees in Texas. Beautiful lilac purple blooms that are extremely fragrant, adorn the Vitex 'Shoal Creek' tree shown below from May to September.

What is the most Texan thing? ›

But there are some things about the Lone Star State that just ... well, SCREAM Texas.
...
The 10 Most Texas Things About Texas That Make It the Greatest State in the Union
  • Whataburger. ...
  • Blue Bell. ...
  • High School Football. ...
  • Lone Star Beer. ...
  • Barbecue. ...
  • Texas Music. ...
  • Tex-Mex. ...
  • The Dallas Cowboys.
18 Sept 2014

What should you not say to a Texan? ›

13 Things You Should Never Say in Texas
  • “So do you ride a horse to school?”
  • “Where are your cowboy hat and boots?”
  • “It's too hot outside.”
  • “Why shouldn't I mess with Texas?”
  • “Y'all is not a real word.”
  • “Do you carry a gun?”
  • “Tacos are not a breakfast food.”
  • “I love Mexican food! Chipotle is my favorite.”
22 Jun 2017

What can I get in Texas that I can't get anywhere else? ›

  • Souvenirs from Texas. I'm so excited you are visiting Texas! ...
  • Cowboy Hats. Nowhere in America is the cowboy hat more synonymous with a state than Texas. ...
  • Visit the Historic Alamo. ...
  • Cowboy Boots. ...
  • Belt Buckles. ...
  • BBQ Sauce. ...
  • Salsa. ...
  • Texas-Themed Jewellery.
8 Oct 2022

What is the most isolated place in Texas? ›

According to the study, the most remote place in Texas is the Southeastern-most edge of Big Bend National Park, on the border of the U.S. and Mexico. It takes eight hours and one minute to get to the nearest city from this spot. The GPS coordinates are: 28°59'05.1″N 103°07'01.5″W.

What plant is opioid made from? ›

Opium is a highly addictive non-synthetic narcotic that is extracted from the poppy plant, Papaver somniferum. The opium poppy is the key source for many narcotics, including morphine, codeine, and heroin. WHAT IS ITS ORIGIN? The poppy plant, Papaver somniferum, is the source of opium.

What plant are opioids found in? ›

Opioids are a class of drugs naturally found in the opium poppy plant. Some prescription opioids are made from the plant directly, and others are made by scientists in labs using the same chemical structure.

What plant is like ibuprofen? ›

Scientists say traditional medicine plant could be the natural ibuprofen—and treat cancer and diabetes. The leaves of the Psychotria insularum plant, known in Samoa as matalafi, have been used to treat inflammation for generations.

What are 3 leaves that we eat? ›

Some of the leaves we consume as vegetables include spinach, lettuce, and cabbage.

What plants do humans eat the most? ›

Remarkably, a mere three crops – maize, rice, and wheat – account for more than half of the calories and proteins that we derive from plants. Strangely, there have been few attempts to explain why we consume so few of the species that are possible to eat.

What are the 5 main plants? ›

Types of Plants-Herbs, Shrubs, Trees, Climbers, and Creepers.

What plant stops tooth decay? ›

Keep Teeth Healthy with Licorice Root

Chewing on licorice root can help slow tooth decay. Licorice Root is a natural antimicrobial which inhibits the bacteria that cause cavities to form and grow.

What can rebuild teeth? ›

Fluoride is tooth enamel's best friend, helping to strengthen and restore it after normal wear and tear. The best way to implement fluoride treatment while working to restore tooth enamel is to use a fluoride-based toothpaste and mouthwash.

What helps rebuild teeth and gums? ›

Demineralization and remineralization are interrelated and in constant flux.
  • Brush your teeth. ...
  • Use fluoride toothpaste. ...
  • Cut out sugar. ...
  • Chew sugarless gum. ...
  • Consume fruit and fruit juices in moderation. ...
  • Get more calcium and vitamins. ...
  • Consider probiotics. ...
  • Address your dry mouth.

How can you tell if a plant is edible? ›

Before taking a bite, touch the plant to your lips to test for burning or itching. If there's no reaction after 15 minutes, take a small bite, chew it, and hold it in your mouth for 15 minutes. If the plant tastes very bitter or soapy, spit it out and wash out your mouth.

Can you eat Texas dandelion? ›

Although called Texas Dandelion, it is also called False Dandelion since it is not a true Dandelion. The leaves lack the sharp, spearpoints and backwards pointing pointy lobes of a true dandelion. Like the common dandelion, it is also edible, although not quite as nutritious.

What veggies are native to Texas? ›

There are also some edible native plants as well:
  • nasturtium.
  • marigold.
  • garlic chives.
  • dandelion greens.
  • elderberries.
  • mayapple (COOKED ONLY)
16 Feb 2013

What are wild edibles? ›

Wild edible plants (WEPs) refer to edible species that are not cultivated or domesticated. WEPs have an important role to play in poverty eradication, security of food availability, diversification of agriculture, generation of income resources, and alleviating malnutrition.

What is edible in the woods? ›

Start with the number-one habitat for wild edible plants — your lawn. Any place that is regularly cleared is potentially loaded with weeds such as dandelion, chickweed, plantain, wild onion, violets, wood sorrel, henbit, clover, dead-nettle and sow thistle — all of which are 100% edible.

Do plants know you're eating them? ›

According to a new study from the University of Missouri, plants are able to sense when they are being eaten and utilize defense mechanisms in an attempt to prevent it from happening. Plants recognize the sound of herbivores feeding on their leaves, and then use their tissues to send our vibrations.

What edible berries grow in Texas? ›

Texas Wild Berries and Other Fruits

Wild blackberries, dewberries, mulberries and huckleberries grow in East Texas. These wild berries in Texas can be eaten straight off the bush or tree or made into cobblers, jams and jellies. A lesser known berry comes from the staghorn sumac, a member of the cashew family.

Is the sap in dandelion poisonous? ›

Ever snap off a dandelion head and see the white liquid seeping out from the stem? It turns out that fluid isn't sap or poison, but a defense mechanism, in the form of latex!

Can I eat dandelions raw from my yard? ›

Dandelion greens are also edible. The best time to harvest the leaves is when they are still young and tender, before the plant begins to flower. Tender leaves taste great when chopped fresh into salad. As the leaves grow older they become increasingly bitter.

What are the healthiest leaves to eat? ›

Some of the most nutritious greens include spinach, kale, romaine, watercress, and arugula (see "Salad greens by the numbers"). They are rich in a combination of vitamins A, C, and K; several B vitamins (including folate); and potassium.

What is the best leaf to eat? ›

1. Spinach. This leafy green tops the chart as one of the most nutrient-dense vegetables. That's because 1 cup (30 grams) of raw spinach provides 16% of the Daily Value (DV) for vitamin A plus 120% of the DV for vitamin K — all for just 7 calories ( 1 ).

What is Texas native fruit? ›

Texas is known for its giant Ruby Red Grapefruit. In fact, it's the official state fruit as well as a symbol of Texas agriculture.

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